Major General Arthur Mac Arthur (top) and Major General Servillano Aquino (bottom)
NOVEMBER 5, 1899:
FALL OF MAGALANG TO AMERICANS
After successive capture of Calulut and Angeles by the Americans, Major General Servillano Aquino (great grandfather of former president, Benigno Aquino III) was pushed to the southern half of Magalang. To capture the town, Major General Arthur MacArthur (father of World War II liberator, General Douglas MacArthur) ordered his 4th Cavalry to resume their march to Magalang from Calulut; joining the forces of 17th Infantry, 1st Artillery and Signal Corps commanded by Col. Jacob H. Smith (he was inplicated for his brutalities in Balangiga massacre) whom they marched out from Angeles. They able to meet and join their forces along Angeles-Magalang road in barrio San Jose and there, they fought a battle with the forces of General Aquino. They successfully captured San Jose, killing 49 insurgents, 15 wounded and they took 28 prisoners. They fought also in barrio San Francisco, with 100 insurgents killed and captured 50 prisoners. They captured their last stronghold in barrio San Pedro until they pushed forward to their main quarters in San Bartolome Church. Americans fought a fierce battle and they successfully captured the church in the afternoon of November 5; with 200 insurgents killed and hundreds of prisoners captured. Americans looted and burned the houses around the town proper in that same day. After the fall of Magalang, General Aquino make their last stand in barrio Masapinit, (a place between barrios Dolores and San Antonio) but they were drove by the Americans in November 7.
Photo Credits: The Aquinos of Tarlac by Nick Joaquin