40. MAGALENOS AS FREEDOM FIGHTERS



In the observance of the History month this August; and the upcoming celebration of National Heroes' Day, we must reminisce the contributions of Magaleños for their heroic acts for attaining freedom and their determination to fight the individual rights of every Magaleños and every Filipinos. In this post, these are some Magaleños who valiantly contributed their acts to preserve freedom and uphold social justice:

Lorenzo D. Camaya- a native of neighboring town of Angeles, born in September 2, 1863 to Adriano Camaya and Inocencia Dayrit. They later migrated to Magalang to seek greener pastures. Lorenzo was appointed as teniente tres by the Spanish government in 1887. However, he secretly joined the Katipunan. In 1897, together with the young Major Servillano Aquino, they hatched a plan together with prominent elites of Magalang on how to liberate the town from the Spanish rule. Lorenzo in that time was initially enlisted as teniente under the command of General Francisco MacabulosDue to his later exploits, he was promoted to comandante (major). He fought valiantly in battle of Camansi together with other Magaleños like Candido Niceta and Carlos Guiao. He also fought the breakaway forces of General Pedro Pedroche in old Magalang church convent in 1898. He further promoted to coronel (colonel) of the revolutionary army; and he was assigned in Tarlac. He was captured by the Americans in 1900 and he was sentenced to death. He was granted pardon in 1904 and he returned in Magalang. He married Andrea Mendoza Lacson, daughter of former gobernadorcillo of Magalang, Don Aniceto S. Lacson in July 13, 1917. Two years later, Lorenzo died in November 21, 1919. His only child, Anunciacion was adopted by his nephew, Eusebio Aquino, who later become the local socialist leader of Magalang and second in command of Hukbalahap during Japanese occupation. 

Members of Katipunan Chapter of Barrio La Paz- a certain Juan Culantiro, right hand man of Lt. Lorenzo D. Camaya secretly organized a Katipunan chapter in barrio La Paz. The new members initiated pacto de sangre and they signed their signature using their own blood. Among the recruits are, Feliciano Torres, Gregorio Mallari, Froilan Pineda, Maximo Manabat and others. Their weapons used are talibong and a dagger.  

Members of Katipunan Chapter of Barrio Sto Rosario- the group of Capt. Gregorio Samia, Lt. Lino Tayag, Lt. Enrique Datu and their 83 recruits initiated the pacto de sangre with the forces of General Francisco Macabulos. Half of members of this chapter was placed under the command of Lt. Lino Tayag. He collected the members' contributions and he secretly delivered to General Macabulos, who was encamped in Camansi in Mt. Arayat. 

Eusebio Aquino- a native of Concepcion, Tarlac, he was related by blood to General Servillano Aquino. He later setup his blacksmith shop in barrio San Nicolas in Magalang, (in the present day old Pasudeco terminal). He was known for his skills in creating farm tools. He also served as supervisor in different construction projects. One of the projects he supervised is the construction of Shop Building (Industrial Arts building) of Magalang Elementary School in 1932. In 1934, he joined the local chapter of Aguman ning Maldang Talapagobra, founded by Pedro Abad Santos. In 1937, he was fielded by AMT in local elections, but he was defeated by the former police chief, Jose M. Navarro. He again, ran for mayoralty post in 1940 but he was defeated again by Jose M. Navarro. In 1942, he was the one of the founding fathers of Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa Hapon known as Hukbalahap. He was then second commanding officer of the entire movement; he setup his headquarters in Camansi in Mt. Arayat; and he was credited for saving several American soldiers who escaped from Death March and some American airmen. He led the Squadron 3-V together with his sons, Pablo (Commander Paul) and Felix (Commander Flax) and an amazona, Remedios Gomez (Commander Liwayway). This squadron inflicted heavy losses against the Japanese forces attempted to capture Camansi. His forces are also responsible to the early liberation of Magalang in January, 1945; before the Americans entered the town. After the war, Huks continued their resistance against the new republic of the Philippines. However, Tatang Bio, died and he was buried in the foothills of Mt. Pinatubo. His last wish that his remains "will not be retrieved until the fruits of the revolution become a reality". Tatang Bio married Ciriaca Gabriel of Mexico, Pampanga and they had five children; Abelardo, Aquilino (Commander Kinung, who also ran in mayoralty contest in Magalang in 1955, but he was defeated by his relative, Orencio A. Gueco), Pablo (Commander Paul) married Brigida Manaloto, Felix (Commander Flax) married Remedios del Mundo, (a daughter of Faustino del Mundo who will led a mafia shadow government in 1960s. He was later known as Commander Sumulong). An only daughter, Gloria married Peregrino Taruc, brother of Huk supremo, Luis Taruc.

Vivencio B. Cuyugan, Sr.- born in January 13, 1895 in San Fernando, Pampanga to Saturnino P. Cuyugan and Antonia Y. Baron of Magalang. He obtained law in Northwestern University in the United States. He supported his law studies in the United States through boxing. During his stay in the United States, he initially learned socialism through his lawyer, Clarence Darrow in Big Chicago Brawl in 1926. He met Darrow when the elder Cuyugan landed in jail after he defended a certain Marasigan, a native of Batangas. The latter lost his an ear when an apparent racists ganged up on him in a bar where Filipinos are banned. The Filipino community there pooled funds and hired Darrow to defend Cuyugan. He was freed in no time. Upon his return to the Philippines, he managed his vast estate in barrio Sta Maria in Magalang and he treated his tenants firmly and equally. His influence in socialism grew when he joined Pedro Abad Santos' Socialist Party of the Philippines. He later elected as municipal vice president of San Fernando in 1927 and 1931. In 1937, he was elected the first socialist mayor of San Fernando and whole over the Philippines under the Socialist Party of the Philippines. During the war, he was among the founders of Hukbalahap. He also organized the first Hukbalahap squadron in barrio Sta Maria in Magalang composed of his loyal tenants. He served as mayor of San Fernando until the liberation; however, the Americans removed him as mayor in 1945 due to his leadership of Hukbalahap. After the war, he continued his advocacy for the emancipation and upholding the rights of the farmers and workers. He also gave away his landholdings to his tenants. He also supported labor unions. He also known for his advocacy for the protection of the environment; who fought the Pampanga Sugar Development Company or known as Pasudeco; whom the socialists had accused of polluting the San Fernando River. However, the elder Cuyugan and his family were put to jail and tortured in 1953 on a charge that he was a communist. He died in Manila in March 16, 1971. He married Felisa Amurao and they had six children; Aida, Fernando, Fe, Vivencio, Jr., Panopio and Maria Luisa.

Photo Credits:

www.oocities.org. Retrieved: August 12, 2017

Sources:

Bartolo, Louie Aldrin L. and Dizon, Lino L., The Magalang Book: The Historical Life and Culture of a Kapampangan Town (1605-2015), Manila (2016), National Commission for Culture and the Arts, pages 35-42 and 63-71.

National historical agency recognizes Pampanga's socialist mayor by Tonette Orejas, March 17, 2017 www.newsinfo.inquirer.net. Retrieved: August 13, 2017.

Additional information provided by Vivencio Amurao Cuyugan, Jr., son of the late mayor Vivencio B. Cuyugan, Sr.

     




39. LISINGS OF MAGALANG

Standing L-R; Virgilio Lising Lacson, Marina del Rosario Lacson (Virgilio's wife), Justina Lacson Sazon, (Virgilio's niece) and Ernesto Aragon (Justina's husband). Sitting L-R; Romana Lising de Lacson, Emilia P. Lising and Antonina Lising Vda de Luciano. Sitting in front: Roy del Rosario Lacson
The Lisings of Magalang traced their ancestry to the couple, Don Isaac Liwanag Lising, teniente mayor (vice mayor) of Magalang and Doña Apolonia Pineda. Their children are; Hilaria, Clotilde, Marcelo, Emilia, Adela, Antonina, Romana, and Florentino. Hilaria married Dr. Filomeno Sanchez and they had son, Raymundo married Lucila Andres Dayrit, daughter of Don Ladislao Canlas Dayrit and Doña Maria Andres of barrio Sta Cruz. 

Raymundo Lising Sanchez (standing) and Lucila A. Dayrit (sitting)
Clotilde married Victor Calaguas Dayrit, son of Don Valentin Lansang Dayrit, gobernadorcillo of Magalang in 1869-1871 and his wife, Doña Placida Calaguas of barrio San Francisco. Marcelo married Engracia Ocampo Lacson, daughter of Don Anacleto Suarez Lacson, gobernadorcillo of Magalang in 1871-1873 and his wife, Doña Luisa Quiazon de Ocampo. The couple had one daughter, Eugenia (known as Apung Sening) later married Francisco Manalo of Bacolor, Pampanga. 

Victor Calaguas Dayrit (standing) Clotilde Lising (sitting on left) and Antonina P. Lising (sitting below)
Picture taken on Victor and Clotilde's wedding day. Antonina stood as bridesmaid. 
Adela married schoolteacher, Estanislao Mañago of Mexico, Pampanga and they had two daughters, Lilia Francisca married Tito Villavicencio and Josefina. Romana married Fidel Ocampo Lacson (youngest brother of Engracia, and making the couples as brothers and sisters-in-laws as well!) and their children are, Nicasio married Natividad Roa Estagle of San Jose City, Nueva Ecija, Virgilio married Marina Castro del Rosario, a schoolteacher from Angeles, Alberto married Angelita Aguas of San Fernando, and Fernando. Florentino, a schoolteacher of Magalang Elementary School married his fellow schoolteacher, Filomena Chatengco of Porac, Pampanga and their daughter, Amelia married Daniel Tayag Lacson, the longest serving mayor of Magalang (1968-1986). Antonina married Dr. Andres J. Luciano on their old age; and Emilia remained single for the rest of her life.

Photo Credits:

Picture of Romana, Emilia and Antonina Lising, courtesy of the late Mr. Eduardo J.E. Lacson

Wedding of Raymundo Sanchez and Lucila Dayrit, courtesy of Dr. Ignacio P. Morales

Wedding picture of Victor Dayrit and Clotilde Dayrit, courtesy of Angeles University Foundation, Institute of Kapampangan Studies.

Source:

Bartolo, Louie Aldrin L. and Dizon, Lino L., The Magalang Book: The Historical Life and Culture of a Kapampangan Town (1605-2015), Manila (2016), National Commission for Culture and the Arts, page 108. 




















38. UNFORGETTABLE NATURAL DISASTERS IN MAGALANG



Natural disasters are made by the nature. It us unpredictable during older times. And when it comes, it will destroy properties and perish many lives. In Magalang, there are some unforgettable natural disasters that struck the town and changed its history. 

1858- torrential rains poured all over Luzon. A report signed on November 11 on the same year by the gobernadorcillo that time, Don Salvador Manalo that due to heavy rains, Parua River was overflowed and destroyed everything. All of the bridges crossing the river are destroyed, canals are also destroyed and roads are not accessible. At the same time, the comandante of Comandancia Militar de Tarlac that time, Don Sebastian Hernandez reported that Magalang was like of a huge lake due to floods. 

1863- on June 3, a strong earthquake struck the town and left considerable damage. Torrential rains poured again on Magalang and flooded the town once again. This huge disaster prompted Governor General Rafael Echague Birmingham to issue expediente dated December 3 on the same year. The expediente ordered the transfer of Magalang from barrio San Bartolome to high elevated place of Talimunduc, located in barrio San Pedro. It also stated in the expediente the creation of new town of Concepcion; composed of former barrios of Magalang located on north bank of Parua River. The actual transfer was done in December 13 according to the report penned by Fr. Ignacio Manzanares, OSA, cura parocco of Magalang. While the new town of Concepcion was established in barrio Matondo and later it was transfer once again in the present site. 

1867- a strong storm struck Central Luzon. Some provinces in Pampanga including Magalang was flooded. The roads linking to the town of Sta Ana are not passable. 

1936- a powerful storm pounded Central Luzon including Magalang; leaving ten dead when their boat was capsized. Other scattered deaths are reported. 

1972- tropical depression Didang pounded Central Luzon; leaving Pampanga including Magalang flooded. On the same year, a month long torrential rains poured all over Luzon due to circulation of southwest monsoon by the super typhoon Gloring. This unstoppable rains locally known as siyam-siyam flooded all over Luzon. This natural disaster known as the 1972 Luzon Great Flood

1991- Mt. Pinatubo erupted and its ashes were mixed with strong rains brought by the strong typhoon Diding. This mixture of ash and rainwater known as lahar flowed in major rivers and tributaries in Pampanga, Tarlac and Zambales destroyed houses and properties. Lahar flowed into Parua River and destroyed houses in Concepcion. The lahar flows slightly flowed into barrio San Roque and Navaling in Magalang. Slight damages were reported.    

1995- tropical storm Mameng crossed Central Luzon leaving whole Pampanga flooded. The town proper of Magalang was also flooded due to overflowing of streams. It was reported that a small dam was destroyed and huge waters further flooded Magalang. 

Photo Credit: 

http://www.weatherexplained.com/images/walm_01_img0157.jpg

Source:

Bartolo, Louie Aldrin L. and Dizon, Lino L., The Magalang Book: The Historical Life and Culture of a Kapampangan Town (1605-2015), Manila (2016), National Commission for Culture and the Arts, pages 28, 29, 30, 60, 78 and 80.






37. EPISODES OF MAGALENO REVOLUTION



Every June 12 each year, the Philippines celebrates the one of the important dates in our Philippine history, the Independence Day. Our first president, Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed the independence from Spain in his balcony in Kawit, Cavite on June 12, 1898. However, it was only during the presidency of our own Kapampangan president Diosdado P. Macapagal moved the celebration from July 4 to June 12. Thus, many colorful celebrations were held throughout the Philippines, especially in the neighboring town of Angeles, whom it witnessed the first celebration of the Philippine independence in 1899. 

The town of Magalang is one of the historic places in Pampanga. Its contribution during the revolution is enormous, due to the valiant Magaleños who fought for the independence from Spain and its proximity to the historic places such as Camansi, located in Magalang side of Mt. Arayat. In line of commemoration of Philippine independence, these are the some important dates in Magalang in relation to the attaining independence:

September 8, 1896- a combined Filipino volunteers from Bulacan, and Nueva Ecija sucessfully crushed the group of revolutionaries in Magalang.

February 18, 1897- a plan was hatched in the house of Don Tomas Dizon (present site of Blessed Sacrament Chapel) to free Magalang from Spanish rule. The conspirators are Major Servillano Aquino, Lt. Lorenzo D. Camaya, Don Cayetano Rivera, Don Ladislao C. Dayrit and some local elite supporters such as Don Teopisto Ganzon, Don Daniel O. Lacson, Don Buenaventura Paras, Don Juan Feliciano and Don Paulino Gueco. 

August 29, 1897- a band of revolutionaries attacked Magalang, but it was repelled by the Spanish forces. Thirteen revolutionaries killed. 

November 27, 1897- the Spanish general, Ricardo Monet led two columns to capture the revolutionaries' base in Camansi. Despite of windy rainstorm, the two columns gained opposite edges of the plateau by ten o'clock in the morning. By eleven o'clock, the two columns encircled the revolutionaries led by General Francisco Macabulos; forced to abandon their first line of defense due to heavy resistance. The Spanish troops of Lt. Col. Jose Maria Olaguer Feliu lose 23 men; while those of Major Angel Fernandez lose 4 men and 19 injured. Aside from Macabulos, his wife Dorotea Pascual also holed up in Camansi; together with Magaleños, Candido Niceta, Carlos Guiao, and the Chinese general, Jose Ignacio Paua. 

November 28, 1897- the troops of Lt. Col. Olaguer Feliu resumed the battle to capture Camansi. They successfully captured the fort due to intense artillery bombing against the revolutionaries. The battled concluded with 93 revolutionaries dead, and numerous equipment with horses and carabaos were captured. However, General Macabulos and his subordinates especially Major Servillano Aquino escaped. 

May 8, 1898- to monitor the revolutionaries' movement in Mt. Arayat, an order was issued by General Ricardo Monet to construct blok haus located in barrio San Antonio. Heliograph towers was also constructed to send Morse code signals to other Spanish posts around Magalang. The surviving heliograph towers were still seen in barrios Sta Cruz and San Isidro, inside of Cariyana Monastery. These towers are recently declared as Important Cultural Properties by National Museum. 

June 26, 1898- the hostilities against Spaniards resumed. Magalang joined with the towns of Bacolor, Mexico, and Arayat and they swear their allegiance to Katipunan. On that day, the revolutionaries arrested the last Augustinian parish priest of Magalang, Fr. Pedro Diez Ubierna in Magalang church convent. He was brought to the town tribunal together with two Spaniards. It was reported that he was maltreated by the revolutionaries. 

December 18, 1898- some Spanish prisoners were taken to the Magalang church convent including the last Augustinian parish priest of San Fernando, Fr. Antonio Redondo. A fierce attack was conducted by the forces of Gen. Pedro Pedroche against the forces of Magaleño colonel Lorenzo D. Camaya in Magalang church convent. However, the attack was repelled. The Spanish prisoners were freed later in 1899 in orders of President Emilio Aguinaldo. Fr. Redondo died before the order was issued.   

Photo Credit:

www.onwar.com

Sources: 

Alcubierre, Casimiro, España en Filipinas, Los Ultimos Años Su De Dominacion en el Archipelago, El Imparcial, Manila, 1910 pages 52-55.

Bartolo, Louie Aldrin L. and Dizon, Lino L., The Magalang Book: The Historical Life and Culture of a Kapampangan Town (1605-2015), Manila: National Commission for Culture and the Arts, 2016.

Dizon Lino L., Alaya, Kapampangan Research Journal; Juan D. Nepomuceno Center of Kapampangan Studies, Holy Angel University, Angeles City, 2008. page 152.

Joaquin, Nick, Aquinos of Tarlac, Manila, Solar Publishing Corporation, 1986.

Rodriguez-Prada, Fr. Jose, Memorias de Un Prisionero Durante La Revolucion Filipina, Imprenta de la Viuda e Hija de Gomez Fuentenebero, 1901.

The Philippine Rebellion, The Utica Observer, August 30, 1897.

Three Significant Battles in Pampanga by: Marco D. Nepomuceno https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/alt.language.kapampangan/RwG5aML_fwc; Retrieved: June 10, 2017














36. THE LIMCOLIOCS OF MAGALANG

The family of Cecilia Limcolioc Rivera (seated at center)

The Limcoliocs of Magalang, Angeles and Cabangan, Zambales traced their ancestry to Chinese mestizo couple from Tambobong (presently known as Malabon); Don Narciso Limcolioc and Doña Rita Cayco. The couple had three children, Santiago, Arcadio and Antonia. The couple decided to migrate to sleepy but emerging town of Angeles; a favorite destination of Chinese traders aside from San Fernando and Guagua all in Pampanga. Their son, Arcadio briefly served as cabeza de barangay in Angeles and married two times; first to a local Angeleña, Dionisia Domingo and after Dionisia's death, he married Alejandra Dizon Dizon. While their daughter, Antonia married Teopisto Simpao Ganzon, a son of a Chinese mestizo from Sta. Rita. 

The children of Arcadio to his first wife, Dionisia are; Agustina and Tomasa. Arcadio's children to his second wife, Alejandra Dizon are, Exequel, Cecilia, Valentina, Daniel, Josefa, Isidro and Pioquinta. Arcadio's family later moved to Magalang after his term as cabeza de barangay in Angeles. Antonia's family followed her brother's move to Magalang. Arcadio's children eventually married to some prominent scions of Magalang, Cecilia married Benito Tamayo Rivera, brother of revolutionary and assemblyman Don Cayetano Rivera. After they married in Magalang, they moved and permanently settled in Cabangan, Zambales. Benito also served as the first municipal president of Cabangan during the dawn of American period. The couple had nine children, Ramon, Alfredo married Valeriana Abinales; Maria, Federico married Florencia Peregrino; Ricardo Atanacio married Marciana Bautista; Rosita, a famous doctor married Dr. Adolfo Ramirez; Emilio married Rosa Dagdag; Herminia, and Fidel married Aurora Amanda Flordeliza.

Dr. Rosita Rivera Ramirez

Dr. Rosita Rivera Ramirez is one of intelligent daughter of Benito and Cecilia. She obtained her elementary education in Cabangan Elementary School, graduated valedictorian. She also topped her class when he graduated valedictorian in Zambales Provincial Farm School. She was among the top ten students of 1930 medicine class of University of the Philippines. Even before her graduation from UP, she had started her lifetime commitment to serve sick and indigent. During school vacations, she returned to her hometown to offer medical services for free. During her apex of her medical career, she established Sta. Teresita General Hospital located in D. Tuazon, Quezon City. Her hospital offered free medical services to indigents together with the assistance from various non government organizations. The institution also established maternity charity branch in Bagong Bantay; a squatter's area in Manila. Its school of nursing and midwifery offered financial aid to qualified but deserving students. Dr. Ramirez participated in community programs such as employment, development, health education, and family planning clinics. She also raised funds to equip children's playgrounds and parks. Her leadership in building projects for the Philippine Medical Association, a vocational center for destitute children and numerous other civic programs. Due to her invaluable service, she was elected president of Philippine Medical Women's Association from 1959 to 1961; board of director of numerous medical organizations such as Philippine Medical Association, Philippine Obstetrical and Gynecological Society, Philippine Hospital Association and the Philippine Federation of Private Medical Practitioners. In 1965, she was awarded most outstanding physician of Quezon City by PMA, Ten Outstanding Woman of the Philippines by FIDA in 1975, She also received the prestigious Civic Assembly of Woman of the Philippines, Presidential Medal of Merit for Outstanding Community Service and the Council of Health Agencies of the Philippines, Meritorious Award for socio-civic service all in 1971 at Malacañan Palace. 

Daniel Limcolioc married Teresa Ganzon Felix of Angeles and they had two children; Galicano and Contancio married Leocadia Fiñones. Daniel later married Matilde Balintos of Cabangan, Zambales, and they had a daughter, Maria Concepcion married Filologo Flordeliza. 

Isidro Limcolioc married Maria Barretto of Cabangan, Zambales and they had ten children, Gregoria married Alejandro Dagdag; Ricardo married four times; first to Milagros Garcia, then to Bernice Unk, Regina Witkowski, and Sophia Sally Ozimkowski all are Amercans; Raymundo married Gladys Pearl Dutton; Lorenzo married Tomasa Labio and later to Angelina Entilla; Julia married Jose Meily; Soledad married Conrado Villamaria; Segundino, Ernesto, Rafael and Rosario Mauricia Salud married Alfonso Udan. 

Rev. Msgr. Vicente Limcolioc Navarro, Jr.
Valentina Limcolioc married Juan Cruz of Magalang and they had only child, Maria married Domingo Cunanan. Josefa Limcolioc married Vicente Navarro of Magalang and they had four children; Magdalena married Pedro Cortez; Rev. Msgr. Vicente Navarro, Jr., Jose married Carmen Razon and Gloria. 

Pioqunita Limcolioc married Prudencio Paras Tayag and they had six children, Maria, Rafael, a surveyor who settled in Nabua, Camarines Sur; Lt. Leon Tayag married Sofia Lacsamana Lazatin of Angeles; Salud married Sisenando David Lacson; Francisco married Eticancy Grindstaff; and Elena married Cornelio Manaloto. After Prudencio's death, Pioquinta married Juan David and they had two daughters; Romana married Dr. Ceferino B. Tayag and Filomena. The children of Salud and Sisenando are: Purificacion married Bienvenido Hizon of Mexico, Pampanga; Caridad married Nisemio David of Bulacan; Milagros married Francisco Pineda Tumang; Leonarda married Eloy Zablan Bangsil; Gloria married Wenceslao Escoto Tancungco; Juvenal married Belen Yabut; Modesto, Luis Honorio, Fortunato, Daniel, former mayor of Magalang (1968-1986) married Amelia Lising; and Adeliza. 

Lt. Leon Limcolioc Tayag
The children of Arcadio's sister, Antonia to Don Teopisto Ganzon, gobernadorcillo accidental (acting mayor) of Magalang in 1882, capitan municipal of Magalang in 1895-1896 and municipal president of Angeles during revolution are Francisco and Andres. Andres later married Brigida Aguilar Aquino of Concepcion, Tarlac. Brigida is the sister of Major General Servillano Aquino, grandfather of late senator, Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino. The children of Andres and Brigida are, Adela married Francisco Pamintuan; Sor Josefa, Paz, Rosa married Miguel Nadres; Filomina, Teopisto, an architect married Guadalupe Fores; Joaquina married Manuel Conrado Lacson Narciso; Salvador, Maria married Quirino Pingul; Rubina, Cristina married Nicanor Enriquez and Lourdes married Quirino Pineda. 

The present known generations of Limcoliocs are: former mayors of Magalang, Daniel T. Lacson, Sr. (1968-1986) and his son, Daniel "Joey" Lacson, Jr. (1988-1998); incumbent vice mayor of Magalang, Norman L. Lacson; another son of Daniel Sr., Odilon Lacson married Maria Lourdes M. Paras, the incumbent and first woman mayor of Magalang, businessman and owner of Ala Creme Bistro Cakeshop, Eric Bangsil and Kapampangan language expert and advocate; Michael Raymon "Mike" Pangilinan all from the family of Arcadio. From the family of Antonia, including former vice mayor of Angeles, Alberto G. Pamintuan and his son, Atty. Edgardo D. Pamintuan, incumbent mayor of Angeles City. Mayor Edgardo Pamintuan's son, Edgardo "Edu" Pamintuan, Jr. is also the incumbent city councilor of Angeles City, and renowned musician, Conrado Titus del Rosario. 

Photo Credits:

Family of Cecilia Limcolioc Rivera provided by Gilbert Dennis Rivera de la Cruz

Dr. Rosita Rivera Ramirez provided by Gilbert Dennis Rivera de la Cruz

Rev. Msgr. Vicente Limcolioc Navarro courtesy of Luciano family

Lt. Leon Limcolioc Tayag courtesy of Mike Pangilinan

Note: There are two original identical pictures of Lt. Leon L. Tayag. One is the possession of Mike Pangilinan and another one of the pictorial collection of Angeles University Foundation Institute of Kapampangan Studies; donated by the late Dr. Evangelina Hilario Lacson

Sources:

Baptisimal record of Francisco Ganzon dated December 5, 1869; Libro de Bautisimos 1862-1874 of Angeles church; familysearch.org; Retrieved: June 2, 2017. 

Bartolo, Louie Aldrin L. and Dizon, Lino L., The Magalang Book: The Historical Life and Culture of a Kapampangan Town (1605-2015), Manila: National Commission for Culture and the Arts, pages 97 and 117.

Family of Arcadio Cayco Limcolioc and Alejandra Dizon; mifamilias.tribalpages.com retrieved June 9, 2017. As courtesy of Gilbert Dennis Rivera de la Cruz, administrator of mifamilias.tribalpages.com

Marriage record of Don Arcadio Limcolioc and Alejandra Dizon dated October 12, 1869; Libro de Matrimonios 1835-1876 of Angeles church; familysearch.org; Retrieved: June 1, 2017.






35. OLD ADVERTISEMENTS IN MAGALANG



Promoting products and services in Magalang is promoted through simple advertisements. The old ads are usually published in some local periodicals in Pampanga; and also in souvenir programs of the local government of Magalang. They served also as sponsors in various activities in the town. One of the example is an ad of Parent's Teachers Association of Magalang Elementary School (above); together with the officers in School Year 1954-1955. Other ads also promoting different educational institutions in Magalang. One of the example is the ad of the first private high school institution; the Magalang Institute (below). The ad of the school has a greeting for the celebration of "foundation day" of the town; despite the original founding date of the town is April 30, 1605. 
    

However, Magalang Institute since its founding year in 1946 by the late Atty. Isidoro D. Ayuyao, it proudly announced that the school garnered the second highest score in Pampanga and forty ninth among the schools in the Philippines. The school principal that time is Mrs. Rosa Naguit de la Paz; and school director, Dr. Claro D. Ayuyao. Magalang Institute is still operational today and it is one of the largest private high school institutions of Magalang. Dr. Nunilon G. Ayuyao, daughter of Atty. Isidoro D. Ayuyao is the present director of the school.


The ad of Students Vocational School (above), located in San Fernando was founded by Mr. Ciriaco C. Toledano, who hailed from barrio San Miguel, Magalang, Pampanga. The school offered short classes in typewriting, stenography and bookkeeping.

 

The retail trade in Magalang was dominated by Chinese immigrants. One of these retail stores was owned by Mr. Pablo Siy Hian (above), who ran a grocery store. Another one was owned by Mr. Alfonso Chan Gioc, fondly known as Dioca. He operated La Suerte Bakery and General Merchandise (below) who eventually known today as Chan Gioc Minimart. Dioca has two sons, Felix and Fernando. Felix established FCC Supermarket while Fernando inherited the operations of La Suerte. 


However, a prosperous Magaleño entrepreneur proudly announced on his ad that his business was "100% Filipino Capital". The Paras Bakery and Grocery Store (below) was owned by Mr. Emilio P. Paras, a former municipal councilor of Magalang. His business was still operational, but the only bakery remained in operation. The operation of the bakery was passed to his daughter, Carmelita Lacson Paras. 



A lone cooperative store was setup to sell goods in reasonable price. From dry and canned goods, glass wares, fancy items and even appliances were the products of Magalang Cooperative Store (below). This cooperative store was later folded up.


Luckily, the sleepy town has a photo studio who offered services to capture photographs in different occasions. Loleng's Art Studio (below) was the precursor of now defunct Pol Studio, a known photo studio in Magalang during 70s to 90s. operated by the late Mr. Apolonio "Pol" Cruz. 


If Pampanga had Pambusco, Magalang had a local bus company serving Magaleños going to Angeles. The Pacemaker Transportation (below) was owned by Mr. Jose P. Feliciano; fondly known as JP. His majestic mansion is located near the public market. After JP's death, Pacemaker was gradually ceased its operations. Later, a local bus line Thames, owned by the late Mr. Edmundo Tayag; rose to prominence as one of the leading bus company in Magalang serving Angeles-Magalang route. Today, few buses was still seen in Magalang; serving the commuters going to Angeles. 

 

Obviously, Magalang is an agricultural town. Rice and sugarcane is the main crops of the town. Some landowners devoted their lands in cultivation of rice; and they established rice mills to buy the rice produced by the fellow landowners and small farmers. Two rice mills is the largest in the town. The Esperanza Vda. de Baluyut rice mill (below) was located in barrio San Pedro II. The owner itself fondly known her as Maestrang Atsang was a retired school teacher of Magalang Elementary School. She passed the operations of the mill to her daughter, Filomena married to Jose P. Feliciano. Today, this old rice mill was already demolished.



Another one is the David-Feliciano rice mill (below) located in barrio San Nicolas I, across the old Pasudeco station. The rice mill is said one of the modern in that time, established by Pablo M. David. The operations of the mill was passed to his daughter, Maria F. David, fondly known her as Apung Kiting. The said rice mill was already demolished, and some ruins of this rice mill was still be seen.



Medicines are formulated by some of the pharmacists in Magalang. One of the known pharmacies in the town, is the pharmacy owned by the late Gerardo F. Feliciano. He was pharmacist in profession and also a landowner. Unfortunately, he was kidnapped and ambushed by the alleged Huks. His pharmacy, Farmacia La Magaleña (below, left) passed to his wife, Beatriz D. Vda, de Feliciano.



Another pharmacy named the patron saint of the town, San Bartolome Apostol. The pharmacy, Botica San Bartolome (above, right) was established by Mr. Cezar T. Zablan, a former medicine student. These two pharmacies ceased its operations.



Landlords dominated the economic and social life of the Magaleños. Aside from local elite clubs, such as El Circulo Magaleño and Mountainside club, an association was established to protect the interests of the landowners. The Magalang Planters Association Incorporated (above) was formed by prominent Magaleño landowners. In 1954, Mr. Jose P. Feliciano was the president of the organization.



Outside Magalang, there are some enterprises were setup by the Magaleños in different products and services offered. One of them is a small local periodical based in San Fernando. The local daily, Capampangan, Ing Pajayagan Yu (above) was setup by Mr. Salvador G. Tumang, who hailed from Magalang.



Another one is an insurance company based in Manila, owned by Mr. Angeles P. Mariano of San Pedro I, Magalang. His insurance business offered fire and marine insurance, bonds and casualty insurance, worksmen compensation, and they even offered loans and mortgages and motor cars. The A.P. Mariano and Company Incorporated (above) was located in Escolta, Manila.



Lastly, a two sisters hailed from barrio San Antonio, Magalang and they engaged in textile dealership in Manila. The sisters, Aurea Samson Perez (above, left) and Juanita Samson (above, right)  are daughters of Isaac David Lising, a grandson of Don Juan David, gobernadorcillo of Magalang in 1858. Don Juan David is a brother of Doña Silvina David, matriarch of prominent Luciano families.

Sources:

Capagmasusian Qng Aldo Pangasilang Ning Magalang, 1954.















34. LISTS OF PROFESSIONALS OF MAGALANG



Magaleños, are naturally intelligent, and mostly, from the elite class who obtained quality education. All of them pursued in different degrees, and they studied in best schools in Manila and United States. Some of these professionals preferred to practice their profession in Magalang, while others practiced their profession in Manila and other countries. In the old souvenir program of Magalang entitled, Capagmasusian Qng Aldo Pangasilang Ning Magalang published in 1954, there is a section dedicated to those "professionals of Magalang" however, not all of them are native born of Magalang. Some of the professionals are from other towns who married a Magaleña, while others they prefer to practice their profession in Magalang permanently. These are the lists of Magaleño professionals who are categorized in different degrees or profession; according to the mentioned souvenir program: 

Attorneys-At-Law/Lawyers:                

Judge Augusto M. Luciano                  
Atty. Silvestre M. Punzalan                            
Atty. Avelino D. Meneses                              
Fiscal Abelardo Dayrit
Atty. Irene David Jurado
Atty. Gregorio Gueco Pineda
Atty. Leonor Ines Luciano
Atty. Artemio S. Vega
Atty. Nicias O. Mendoza
Atty. Pedro G. Tayag
Atty. Benjamin D. Dizon
Atty. Primo G. Quizon
Atty. Felix Naguit
Atty. Jose P. Fausto
Atty. Jose Baltazar

Priests:

Rev. Fr. Vicente Navarro
Rev. Fr. Jose T. Lacson
Rev. Fr. Florencio P. Tumang, Jr.

Midwife:

Guadalupe P. Capati

Medicos:

Dr. Andres J. Luciano
Dr. Servillano D. Ayuyao
Dr. Claro P. Feliciano
Dr. Ceferino Tayag
Dr. Miguel Dayrit

Physicians/Physicians-Surgeon:

Major Pastor G. Magbag
Dr. Roberto T. Quizon
Dr. Gerardo N. Narciso
Dr. Salvador A. Gueco
Dr. Ricardo D. Reyes
Dr. Bienvenido D. Canlas
Dr. Narciso Datu
Dr. Teresita Dizon
Dr. Rosita Rivera Ramirez
Dr. Patrocinio Mendoza
Dr. Efren C. Naguit
Dr. Jose Quito

Mechanical-Electrical/Electrical Engineers:

Engr. Dominador Tumang
Engr. Ramon D. Feliciano
Engr. Onesimo Perez

Civil Engineers:

Engr. Alfredo M. David
Engr. Tomas Lopez
Engr. Prudencio Tuazon
Engr. Ruben T. Quizon
Engr. Ben Gueco Pineda
Engr. Porfirio Ayuyao, Jr.

Surveyor:

Rafael L. Tayag
Porfirio D. Ayuyao, Sr.

Architects:

Arch. Gloria Tuazon-Cunanan
Arch. Adelaido Quizon
Arch. Alfonso M. David

Certified Public Accountants:

Gil S. Feliciano
Raymundo O. Feliciano
Ricardo Dizon
Cayetano Perez
Rogelio Perez
Artemio B. Castillo
Uriel Meneses
Avelino Meneses
Hermenegilda Paras
Rodolfo Toledano
Rosario Quito

Military:

Major Gregorio Lugtu
Lt. Col. Hospicio Tuazon
Lt. Rudy Yabut
Lt. Angel Feliciano

Dentists:

Dr. Claro D. Ayuyao
Dr. Ignacio P. Morales
Dr. Gregorio Liwanag
Dr. Horacio D. Luciano
Dr. Enrique G. Tumang
Dr. Emeterio Peña

Pharmacists:

Rosenda Fortea Meneses
Maria Elvira L. Luciano
P. Pineda-Laxamana
Ines Cruz Naguit
Potenciana T. Cruz
Rita C. Gueco
Rosa P. Tumang
Carolina Gaña
Fidela Mendoza
Gervasio Liwanag
Aurelio Cruz
Juan Baluyut
Lourdes Ayuyao
Flora Tuazon

Industrial/Sugar Chemists:

Bettina D. Feliciano
Josefina Baron
Gregorio L. Tumang
Genaro Layug

Photo Credit:

Angeles University Foundation;
Institute of Kapampangan Studies

Sources:

Capagmasusian Qng Aldo Pangasilang Ning Magalang, 1954