Qng Yellow Pad
Nang: Louie Aldrin Lacson Bartolo

Malambat cu nang pagunaman yting malyayari
Caniting milabas a maculeng panaun
Megumpisa ngan yng canacung tuneng bie
Qng metung a pirasung yellow pad

Qng yellow pad meniuala cu pasibaiu
Qng tuneng tula ampo yumu ning bie
Pinupus mu ngan yng dalumdum
Pepaquit mu cacu yng masalang abac

Qng yellow pad iquit cu quecang cabiasnan
Cabiasnang ala nang macalagpus queca
Cabiasanang paituru qng ustu ampo mayap
Salamat, tiru mu cacu yng matulid

Qng yellow pad, biclat mu pasibaiu
Yng canacung pusu ampo isipan
Qng banglung babie ning tuneng lugud
Lugud a casing niyaman ning tiup a marimlang angin

Nung madinan cu pang pasibaiung panaun
Na sumulat cu pa quening yellow pad
Ecu na mipabureng milucut ampo mipirat
Yting baiung amlat, na ingatan ampo dinan ulaga

Photo Credits:



Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino (center) during his Court Martial Trial
with his wife, Cory (right) 

Aquinos are not only actors and actresses on the historical and political scene of the Philippines; but also, they also heavily influenced the local historical, political and revolutionary scenes of Magalang; starting from their forefather, Hilario Aquino up to his descendant Ninoy. How they molded the local scene of Magalang? And this was started from:

HILARIO AQUINO- a native of then undivided Magalang. He was also a landowner, owned parcels of land in barrios Sta Rita and San Antonio, now part of Concepcion, Tarlac. he married a local lass, Isabela Lacsamana. He served as cabeza de barangay and later, he was elected as gobernadorcillo (now mayor) of Magalang in 1854. 

BRAULIO AQUINO- son of Hilario Aquino and Isabela Lacsamana. He was born in Magalang and baptized in Angeles. He finished his secondary education in Colegio de Primaria y Latinidad in Bacolor (now Don Honorio Ventura Technological State University), where it was happened that his mother, Isabela was one of the big donors for the foundation of the new school. He started his career as teacher in Angeles. During his stay in Angeles, he married Maria Antonina Petrona Aguilar, scion of prominent Henson clan of Angeles and of Aguilars of Sta. Ana, Pampanga. They later settled in Concepcion, where he was elected gobernadorcillo of Concepcion in 1885-1887.  After Antonina's death, he married Paula Cristobal and one of his daughter, Elena married Lorenzo Gueco of Magalang. 

SERVILLANO AQUINO- son of Braulio Aquino and Maria Antonina Petrona Aguilar. He was born and baptized in Angeles. He rose his prominence during the revolution. He was initiated as member of Katipunan in Camansi in Mt. Arayat. He was promoted as major and together with General Francisco Macabulos, they helped to organize the Magalang revolutionary committee. He later fought in the famous battle of Camansi in 1897; but he escaped after they lose the battle. When the Americans pursued Emilio Aguinaldo, he was promoted to major general and he was tasked to defend Magalang against the Americans. He fought the huge force of the Americans led by Major General Arthur MacArthur and Colonel Jacob H. Smith (who later was implicated in the infamous Balangiga massacre). After his defeat in Magalang, he waged guerrilla warfare against the Americans and he was stationed in Camansi. In 1901, he was captured by the Americans and he was briefly imprisoned in Manila. In 1904, he was granted pardon by US President Theodore Roosevelt. His sisters Brigida and Maria married the half brothers,Andres and Alfredo Ganzon respectively. Andres and Alfredo are sons of Teofisto Ganzon, capitan municipal of Magalang in 1894-1895; while his son Alfredo served as muncipal president of Magalang in 1916-1918. 

BENIGNO AQUINO, SR.-son of Servillano Aquino and Guadalupe Quiambao; he was elected as representative and senator representing Tarlac. During the apex of his political career, he and his wife Aurora Aquino attended several grand balls in different towns particularly in Magalang. During annual balls of Mountain Side Club of Magalang, they are the one of the prominent guests together with other high profiled politicians such as Jose Abad Santos, future presidents Sergio Osmeña and Manuel Roxas and others. 

BENIGNO "NINOY" AQUINO, JR.-son of Benigno Aquino Sr. and Aurora Aquino. He was known in his late teenage years where he courted the young Imelda Romualdez during her brief stay with the Guecos in Magalang. Imelda is a cousin of Speaker Daniel Z. Romualdez and husband of Paz A. Gueco; an aunt of Ninoy. Imelda was eventually the arch rival of Ninoy during the martial law years. When martial law was imposed, Imelda's husband President Ferdinand E. Marcos ordered the arrests of his political enemies including Ninoy. He was later freed due to his health problems and he went to exile in the United States. On August 21, 1983, he returned to the Philippines but unfortunately, he was assassinated; created a public uproar which led to the downfall of Marcos and installing his wife, Cory as the new president in 1986.


EUSEBIO AQUINO- native of Concepcion and later migrated to Magalang; where he setup his blacksmith shop nearby Pasudeco station in barrio San Nicolas I, Magalang. He is a distant cousin of the revolutionary general Servillano Aquino. He rose to prominence when he organized the Magalang chapter of Aguman ning Maldang Talapagobra or AMT, a socialist party founded by Pedro Abad Santos. He later ran for mayoralty post of Magalang in 1937 and 1940 under AMT but he lost. During Japanese occupation, he was one of the founders of Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa Hapon in 1942. He organized several squadrons led by his sons Pablo, Felix and Aquilino who they became commanders. Tatang Bio, as he is fondly known; recruited Remedios Gomez who later known as Commander Liwayway. Tatang Bio and Commander Liwayway led the so called "battle of Camansi" where they managed to kill several Japanese soldiers. Tatang Bio took care also escaping American soldiers from Death March. On of them is Major Donald Blackburn and Capt. Russell Volckmann. After their brief stay with Tatang Bio, Blackburn and Volckmann continued their journey up to the north, where they organized the largest guerilla force in Northern Luzon; the United States Army Forces in the Philippines-Northern Luzon known as USAFIP-NL. This group led the attack to the forces of General Tomoyuki Yamashita, which they also managed the eventual surrender of Yamashita himself. Tatang Bio had three sons, Pablo, known as Commander Paul married Brigida Manaloto of Mexico, Felix, known as Commander Flax married Remedios del Mundo, a daughter of notorious mafia-like leader, Faustino del Mundo, known later as Commander Sumulong, and Aquilino, known as Commander Kinung, ran for mayoralty post in Magalang in 1956 but he lost. Tatang Bio's daughter, Gloria married Peregrino Taruc, a brother of Huk Supremo, Luis Taruc.

Photo Credits:



Bartolo, Louie Aldrin L. and Dizon, Lino L., The Magalang Book: The Historical Life and Culture of a Kapampangan Town (1605-2015), Manila, 2016.


Yng Quecaming Sapni
Nang: Louie Aldrin Lacson Bartolo

Metu caming simpling miyasaua
Atin caming aduang anac a lalaqui
Atin nalang sariling familia
Ampo mangasanting a anac

Yca pangane, dadalan me yng laguiu tamu
Ycaming pengari mu pagmaragulan da ca
Mipmu ca qng cabiasnan ampo sicanan
Biasa ca sana manupaya ampo mamiye

Yca bunsu, pagmaragul da ca rin
Mipmu ca qng casipagan ampo capanatindian
Tune cang ayasahan nucarin man bage 
Biasa ca sana maquiramdam quecaming mangatua

Ycong aduang mangalagung manuiang cu 
Masuelu cayung sinalagpi quecaming sapni
Tinggap da ca yu, balamung tune ming anac
Yturu yu sana careng anac yu yng cayapan

Ycaung apu mi, tune cayung mamiye tula ampo sicanan
Ala caming pinili nung ninu quecayu yng luguran mi
E cami maglele uling pante mu yng lugud mi quecayu
Luguran yu la sana reng quecayung pengari

Nung miras yng oras ning pamaglaco mi quening yatu
Micacalugud cayu, ampo mipapanitindi cayu
Uling, miras yng aldo na malasac ya yng yatu
Muli cayu murin qng quecayung sapni

Photo Credit:

Tree Roots Tattoo


Image of Nuestra Señora de la Paz y Buenviaje,
patroness of barrio La Paz

La Paz is one of the agricultural barrios of Magalang. It is also one of the peaceful barrios in this town.  The beginnings of La Paz traced to the first settlement of barrio since Spanish period. According to some accounts, La Paz was a former part of nearby barrio Sto. Rosario. This area in that time is  called Lino; means clear. That term is got from the clear water which flows into Quitangil river. During that time, the whole place was devoted to the cultivation of sugarcane and rice. The prominent landowners of this place are mostly came from the town of Angeles. The spouses, Don Natalio Bondoc y Canlas; a former cabeza de barangay from Angeles chose to clear and settle in this place; together with his wife, Doña Agueda Paras. Another couple from Angeles, Don Fernando Tayag y Nunag, a native of Minalin and also served as cabeza de barangay in Angeles together with his wife, Doña Elena Paras y Castro settled in this place too. Another couple from Mabalacat, Don Santiago Muñoz and his wife, Doña Cornelia Gomez also settled in this place. Doña Agueda Paras introduced the devotion to Nuestra Señora de la Paz y Buenviaje, popularly known as Virgen de Antipolo to her tenants; where they conducting nightly prayers. Doña Agueda also distributed rice and other stuff to her tenants. Few years later, the Tayag and Bondoc couples mortgaged their lands to Don Isidoro Santos of San Fernando; while the Munoz couple sell some of their land to Don Isidoro also. The Bondoc couple recovered their land, but due to failure of their sons to manage the land, they sold it to Don Tomas Dizon, a known landowner in nearby barrio San Isidro. The Tayag couple went back to Angeles when their land was taken over by Don Isidoro Santos. Interestingly, a son of Don Tomas Dizon, Arsenio married Bartola Santos, a daughter of Don Isidoro Santos. Thus their children are become the large landowners of La Paz until present. Barrio La Paz had five sitios and the origins of their name are  mentioned below:

Calamunding- derived from the word, calamunding, a citrus plant used in different native dishes. The scientific name of the plant is Fortunella japonica.

Cangatba or Lipat Sapa- means, across the riverbank; crossing Quitangil river.

Dilain- derived from word Lain means, a stems or leaves of taro, popularly known as gandus. 

Mabiabas- derived from the word, biabas, popularly known as Guava. This plant is very popular due to various traditional medical uses.

Mauli- means, southern part; opposite to pangulo, known as northern part.

Photo Credits:

Virgen de la Paz by the author.


Bartolo, Louie Aldrin L. and Dizon, Lino L., The Magalang Book: The Historical Life and Culture of a Kapampangan Town (1605-2015), Manila (2016), National Commission for Culture and the Arts, pages 95, 125, 126, 127, 129.


Plaza de la Libertad during Commonwealth Government Inauguration c. 1935
In this town, Plaza de la Libertad or Freedom Park is one of the famous landmarks located on the center of the town proper. It is sandwiched between by two famous landmarks, the San Bartolome Church on the west side and the Casa Tribunal known today as municipio on the east side. We are fortunate that Magalang has the only one of this kind of plaza in the whole Pampanga. According to the Luther Parker collections, the plaza was constructed around 1864. It was mentioned that the plaza was planted with beautiful Dapdap trees which marked the demarcation of the plaza. Spanish authorities in those times patterned the new town proper to other town proper models in Spain. Plaza de la Libertad witnessed some of the important historical events that happened in Magalang. In this plaza, where Fr. Ignacio Manzanares, OSA celebrated its first mass after the transfer of Magalang from barrio San Bartolome. It is the same person also who led the transfer of Magalang together with some prominent families. It was attacked and burned by the bandits in 1868 led by the notorious bandit leader, Isidoro Guinto. After they burned the plaza, they proceed to the church convent where they ambushed Fr. Ramon Sarrionandia, OSA, who started the construction of the present church edifice. Fortunately, Fr. Sarrionandia survived the ambush. During the revolutionary period, the plaza was made into brief battleground, the forces of the rebel officer, Pedro Pedroche positioned in the plaza and they attacked the positions of Colonel Lorenzo D. Camaya who was holed up inside the church convent, together with his Spanish prisoners. And when the Americans captured Magalang in November 5, 1899, Major General Arthur MacArthur personally ordered the burning of plaza and the rest of the town proper. 

Plaza de la Libertad during Bonifacio Day c. 1925

During American period, the plaza was become a place for every social occasions. In this period, when the beautiful gloriettas were added. Political rallies and campaigns were held in this plaza; lavish balls of social elite groups like Mountain Side club, were also held in this plaza. Some prominent politicians and businessman attended the annual ball of the club like presidents Sergio Osmeña and Manuel A. Roxas; Senator Benigno Aquino Sr., Jose Abad Santos and other handful of prominent persons in different fields. In this plaza, where the oldest statue of Dr. Jose P. Rizal was constructed; through the efforts of civic organization, Katipunan Mipanampun in 1923. During the socialist uproar in 1937, numerous peasants marched also in this plaza to air their discontent regarding to their conditions as tillers. During Japanese occupation, Japanese officers and local officials of Magalang held their political rallies here in this plaza to encourage the Magaleños to support the cause of Japanese sponsored government. During the liberation, American tanks were positioned in the plaza to contain the remaining Japanese forces in the town. 

Plaza de la Libertad c. 1963
After the war, the plaza was still used for different social gatherings of the town. In this plaza where the one of the darkest episodes of Magalang happened. On the night of December 28, 1963, the alleged hit men of Faustino del Mundo popularly known as Commander Sumulong assassinated the Magalang's beloved mayor, Benedicto T. Dayrit. Shortly, after his death, the local officials decided to rename the plaza into Benedicto T. Dayrit Plaza. It was reverted back to the original name later years. In this year also when the Mountain Side Club ceased to exist due to the trauma of the assassination. In 1979, the plaza was initially cited through the help of cinema. The classic movie, Ina, Kapatid, Anak held their some movie scenes in the plaza. In the same period were the well known mushroom edifices were added and native pine trees were planted replacing the old Dapdap trees. Recently, some scenes of the television drama show, The Good Son were also shot here in this plaza  

Plaza de la Libertad c. 2011. Shot from the church belfry
Today, the plaza was popularly known to the present generation as patio. The last renovation of the plaza was taken place in 1994. The huge salakot shaped covered court was later added. The plaza was still known today for the venue of campaign sorties of local officials during election period, religious gatherings, and other social events. Recently, it was again utilized for the celebration of town fiesta particularly for colorful festivals and events. The plaza was also venue for students from different schools in Magalang for conducting their practices for their school activities, plus, a dating place for couples! The sides of the plaza was known for baratillo later known as tiangge during town fiesta and Christmas season. This year, the municipal government initiated the major renovation project of the plaza. I wished that this project will become successful, we must not forget the reminders and contributions of the Plaza de la Libertad not only to our local history, but also as Magaleños. 

Photo Credits:

Plaza de la Libertad during Commonwealth Government Inauguration c. 1935, provided by Mrs. Josefina M. Castro. Note that another identical photo is in the possession of Mr. Alex R. Castro. 

Plaza de la Libertad during Bonifacio day c. 1925, provided by Mrs. Josefina M. Castro. 

Plaza de la Libertad c. 1963 taken from Capagmasusian Qng Aldo Pangasilang ning Magalang, Diciembre 28-29, 1963. 

Plaza de la Libertad c. 2011 from the possession of the author. 


Bartolo, Louie Aldrin L. and Dizon, Lino L.; The Magalang Book: The Historical Life and Culture of a Kapampangan Town (1605-2015); Manila, National Commission for Culture and the Arts, 2016.

Documentos Historicos del Municipio de Magalang, Pampanga, Islas Filipinas, 1909, 1911, Luther Parker Collections, Box No. 3, Folder No. 56, Document No. 320, University of the Philippines Library, Diliman, Quezon City.

Magaleño Social Elite Clubs, www.amlatmagaleno.blogspot.com.  



Image of San Agustin of San Agustin, Magalang, Pampanga

Magaleños are known for their deep religiosity and faith. That's why Magaleños religiously follow every beliefs and traditions which was entrenched to their faith ever since. If Angeles had the miraculous, Apu Mamacalulu, Magalang had also the miraculous San Agustin. The saint itself was known as one of the Doctors of the Church; and also, the patron saint of religious order, Augustinians; who brought Christianity to the Philippines and also, the religious missionaries assigned, and eventually founded Magalang during Spanish period. The miraculous story of the image of San Agustin probably started during the Spanish period.  A popular account revealed that a certain group of tulisanes led by a certain Antero Dizon encamped in the nearby forests of Mt. Arayat. One of his men carved a small image of San Agustin in a tree trunk. However, due to their notoriety to the Spaniards, they left the place and the carved image was also abandoned. Some of the barrio folks of the nearby sitio Dapa found the small image in the forest and they brought it to Dapa. As years passed by, the small image was noticed gradually grew bigger and become miraculous. It was reported that through the miraculous image, it cured smallpox and other kinds of diseases. Sometimes, the image was too heavy and nobody can lift it. It can roam also around the barrio, if no candles are lighted in front of the image. 

Altar of San Agustin

Due to growing number of devotees of San Agustin, the landowner of the barrio, Don Raymundo Feliciano donated a piece of land, and a chapel was built for the miraculous image. Many intercessions of San Agustin was also witnessed by the barrio folks; when the whole barrio was in danger. One account revealed that, some of the barrio men were pursued by the suspected Huks. They were able to hide themselves inside the haystack but; they were able to track down by the pursuing Huks. When the Huks reached their hideouts, they fired multiple gunshots on the haystack, and they expected that they will kill them. After they fired the haystack, the Huks left the place. However, the barrio men noticed that they do not have any gunshots pierced on their bodies. Miraculously, they were saved by San Agustin from the danger! At present, many devotees flock to the small chapel of San Agustin in sitio Dapa every Friday, to offer prayers, seeking his intercession.  Aside from curing different diseases and ailments; San Agustin was believed also to grant wishes for couples who are childless. The miraculous image itself was only taken out during the barrio fiesta of San Agustin in August 28; and during the misa de maytinis held during Christmas eve. The image itself was brought to San Bartolome Parish Church, together with other patron saints of barrios, who are under the pastoral jurisdiction of the parish. 

Photo Credits:

The photos used in this article was personally taken by the author.


Cruz, Ceferina et. al., Historical and Cultural Life of Magalang, Pampanga; 1954, National Library of the Philippines page 18. 



E Ca Tatacut
Nang: Louie Aldrin L. Bartolo

E ca tatacut
Ala cung marinat a balacan
Nune busilac a pamicasuiu
Ampo tuneng sampat a tula

E ca tatacut
Era ca ibili qng aclis
Era ca ibili qng ligalig
Era ca ibili qng lungcut

E ca tatacut
Yca mu ing canacung liag
Yca mu ing canacung isnaua
Yca mu ing canacung sampat

E ca tatacut
Era ca paburen qng antac 
Masqui manabu cu qng casaquitan
Angga qng tauli cung pangisnaua

Photo Credits: