Every June 12 each year, the Philippines celebrates the one of the important dates in our Philippine history, the Independence Day. Our first president, Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed the independence from Spain in his balcony in Kawit, Cavite on June 12, 1898. However, it was only during the presidency of our own Kapampangan president Diosdado P. Macapagal moved the celebration from July 4 to June 12. Thus, many colorful celebrations were held throughout the Philippines, especially in the neighboring town of Angeles, whom it witnessed the first celebration of the Philippine independence in 1899. 

The town of Magalang is one of the historic places in Pampanga. Its contribution during the revolution is enormous, due to the valiant Magaleños who fought for the independence from Spain and its proximity to the historic places such as Camansi, located in Magalang side of Mt. Arayat. In line of commemoration of Philippine independence, these are the some important dates in Magalang in relation to the attaining independence:

September 8, 1896- a combined Filipino volunteers from Bulacan, and Nueva Ecija sucessfully crushed the group of revolutionaries in Magalang.

February 18, 1897- a plan was hatched in the house of Don Tomas Dizon (present site of Blessed Sacrament Chapel) to free Magalang from Spanish rule. The conspirators are Major Servillano Aquino, Lt. Lorenzo D. Camaya, Don Cayetano Rivera, Don Ladislao C. Dayrit and some local elite supporters such as Don Teopisto Ganzon, Don Daniel O. Lacson, Don Buenaventura Paras, Don Juan Feliciano and Don Paulino Gueco. 

August 29, 1897- a band of revolutionaries attacked Magalang, but it was repelled by the Spanish forces. Thirteen revolutionaries killed. 

November 27, 1897- the Spanish general, Ricardo Monet led two columns to capture the revolutionaries' base in Camansi. Despite of windy rainstorm, the two columns gained opposite edges of the plateau by ten o'clock in the morning. By eleven o'clock, the two columns encircled the revolutionaries led by General Francisco Macabulos; forced to abandon their first line of defense due to heavy resistance. The Spanish troops of Lt. Col. Jose Maria Olaguer Feliu lose 23 men; while those of Major Angel Fernandez lose 4 men and 19 injured. Aside from Macabulos, his wife Dorotea Pascual also holed up in Camansi; together with Magaleños, Candido Niceta, Carlos Guiao, and the Chinese general, Jose Ignacio Paua. 

November 28, 1897- the troops of Lt. Col. Olaguer Feliu resumed the battle to capture Camansi. They successfully captured the fort due to intense artillery bombing against the revolutionaries. The battled concluded with 93 revolutionaries dead, and numerous equipment with horses and carabaos were captured. However, General Macabulos and his subordinates especially Major Servillano Aquino escaped. 

May 8, 1898- to monitor the revolutionaries' movement in Mt. Arayat, an order was issued by General Ricardo Monet to construct blok haus located in barrio San Antonio. Heliograph towers was also constructed to send Morse code signals to other Spanish posts around Magalang. The surviving heliograph towers were still seen in barrios Sta Cruz and San Isidro, inside of Cariyana Monastery. These towers are recently declared as Important Cultural Properties by National Museum. 

June 26, 1898- the hostilities against Spaniards resumed. Magalang joined with the towns of Bacolor, Mexico, and Arayat and they swear their allegiance to Katipunan. On that day, the revolutionaries arrested the last Augustinian parish priest of Magalang, Fr. Pedro Diez Ubierna in Magalang church convent. He was brought to the town tribunal together with two Spaniards. It was reported that he was maltreated by the revolutionaries. 

December 18, 1898- some Spanish prisoners were taken to the Magalang church convent including the last Augustinian parish priest of San Fernando, Fr. Antonio Redondo. A fierce attack was conducted by the forces of Gen. Pedro Pedroche against the forces of Magaleño colonel Lorenzo D. Camaya in Magalang church convent. However, the attack was repelled. The Spanish prisoners were freed later in 1899 in orders of President Emilio Aguinaldo. Fr. Redondo died before the order was issued.   

Photo Credit:



Alcubierre, Casimiro, España en Filipinas, Los Ultimos Años Su De Dominacion en el Archipelago, El Imparcial, Manila, 1910 pages 52-55.

Bartolo, Louie Aldrin L. and Dizon, Lino L., The Magalang Book: The Historical Life and Culture of a Kapampangan Town (1605-2015), Manila: National Commission for Culture and the Arts, 2016.

Dizon Lino L., Alaya, Kapampangan Research Journal; Juan D. Nepomuceno Center of Kapampangan Studies, Holy Angel University, Angeles City, 2008. page 152.

Joaquin, Nick, Aquinos of Tarlac, Manila, Solar Publishing Corporation, 1986.

Rodriguez-Prada, Fr. Jose, Memorias de Un Prisionero Durante La Revolucion Filipina, Imprenta de la Viuda e Hija de Gomez Fuentenebero, 1901.

The Philippine Rebellion, The Utica Observer, August 30, 1897.

Three Significant Battles in Pampanga by: Marco D. Nepomuceno https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/alt.language.kapampangan/RwG5aML_fwc; Retrieved: June 10, 2017


The family of Cecilia Limcolioc Rivera (seated at center)

The Limcoliocs of Magalang, Angeles and Cabangan, Zambales traced their ancestry to Chinese mestizo couple from Tambobong (presently known as Malabon); Don Narciso Limcolioc and Doña Rita Cayco. The couple had three children, Santiago, Arcadio and Antonia. The couple decided to migrate to sleepy but emerging town of Angeles; a favorite destination of Chinese traders aside from San Fernando and Guagua all in Pampanga. Their son, Arcadio briefly served as cabeza de barangay in Angeles and married two times; first to a local Angeleña, Dionisia Domingo and after Dionisia's death, he married Alejandra Dizon Dizon. While their daughter, Antonia married Teopisto Simpao Ganzon, a son of a Chinese mestizo from Sta. Rita. 

The children of Arcadio to his first wife, Dionisia are; Agustina and Tomasa. Arcadio's children to his second wife, Alejandra Dizon are, Exequel, Cecilia, Valentina, Daniel, Josefa, Isidro and Pioquinta. Arcadio's family later moved to Magalang after his term as cabeza de barangay in Angeles. Antonia's family followed her brother's move to Magalang. Arcadio's children eventually married to some prominent scions of Magalang, Cecilia married Benito Tamayo Rivera, brother of revolutionary and assemblyman Don Cayetano Rivera. After they married in Magalang, they moved and permanently settled in Cabangan, Zambales. Benito also served as the first municipal president of Cabangan during the dawn of American period. The couple had nine children, Ramon, Alfredo married Valeriana Abinales; Maria, Federico married Florencia Peregrino; Ricardo Atanacio married Marciana Bautista; Rosita, a famous doctor married Dr. Adolfo Ramirez; Emilio married Rosa Dagdag; Herminia, and Fidel married Aurora Amanda Flordeliza.

Dr. Rosita Rivera Ramirez

Dr. Rosita Rivera Ramirez is one of intelligent daughter of Benito and Cecilia. She obtained her elementary education in Cabangan Elementary School, graduated valedictorian. She also topped her class when he graduated valedictorian in Zambales Provincial Farm School. She was among the top ten students of 1930 medicine class of University of the Philippines. Even before her graduation from UP, she had started her lifetime commitment to serve sick and indigent. During school vacations, she returned to her hometown to offer medical services for free. During her apex of her medical career, she established Sta. Teresita General Hospital located in D. Tuazon, Quezon City. Her hospital offered free medical services to indigents together with the assistance from various non government organizations. The institution also established maternity charity branch in Bagong Bantay; a squatter's area in Manila. Its school of nursing and midwifery offered financial aid to qualified but deserving students. Dr. Ramirez participated in community programs such as employment, development, health education, and family planning clinics. She also raised funds to equip children's playgrounds and parks. Her leadership in building projects for the Philippine Medical Association, a vocational center for destitute children and numerous other civic programs. Due to her invaluable service, she was elected president of Philippine Medical Women's Association from 1959 to 1961; board of director of numerous medical organizations such as Philippine Medical Association, Philippine Obstetrical and Gynecological Society, Philippine Hospital Association and the Philippine Federation of Private Medical Practitioners. In 1965, she was awarded most outstanding physician of Quezon City by PMA, Ten Outstanding Woman of the Philippines by FIDA in 1975, She also received the prestigious Civic Assembly of Woman of the Philippines, Presidential Medal of Merit for Outstanding Community Service and the Council of Health Agencies of the Philippines, Meritorious Award for socio-civic service all in 1971 at Malacañan Palace. 

Daniel Limcolioc married Teresa Ganzon Felix of Angeles and they had two children; Galicano and Contancio married Leocadia Fiñones. Daniel later married Matilde Balintos of Cabangan, Zambales, and they had a daughter, Maria Concepcion married Filologo Flordeliza. 

Isidro Limcolioc married Maria Barretto of Cabangan, Zambales and they had ten children, Gregoria married Alejandro Dagdag; Ricardo married four times; first to Milagros Garcia, then to Bernice Unk, Regina Witkowski, and Sophia Sally Ozimkowski all are Amercans; Raymundo married Gladys Pearl Dutton; Lorenzo married Tomasa Labio and later to Angelina Entilla; Julia married Jose Meily; Soledad married Conrado Villamaria; Segundino, Ernesto, Rafael and Rosario Mauricia Salud married Alfonso Udan. 

Rev. Msgr. Vicente Limcolioc Navarro, Jr.
Valentina Limcolioc married Juan Cruz of Magalang and they had only child, Maria married Domingo Cunanan. Josefa Limcolioc married Vicente Navarro of Magalang and they had four children; Magdalena married Pedro Cortez; Rev. Msgr. Vicente Navarro, Jr., Jose married Carmen Razon and Gloria. 

Pioqunita Limcolioc married Prudencio Paras Tayag and they had six children, Maria, Rafael, a surveyor who settled in Nabua, Camarines Sur; Lt. Leon Tayag married Sofia Lacsamana Lazatin of Angeles; Salud married Sisenando David Lacson; Francisco married Eticancy Grindstaff; and Elena married Cornelio Manaloto. After Prudencio's death, Pioquinta married Juan David and they had two daughters; Romana married Dr. Ceferino B. Tayag and Filomena. The children of Salud and Sisenando are: Purificacion married Bienvenido Hizon of Mexico, Pampanga; Caridad married Nisemio David of Bulacan; Milagros married Francisco Pineda Tumang; Leonarda married Eloy Zablan Bangsil; Gloria married Wenceslao Escoto Tancungco; Juvenal married Belen Yabut; Modesto, Luis Honorio, Fortunato, Daniel, former mayor of Magalang (1968-1986) married Amelia Lising; and Adeliza. 

Lt. Leon Limcolioc Tayag
The children of Arcadio's sister, Antonia to Don Teopisto Ganzon, gobernadorcillo accidental (acting mayor) of Magalang in 1882, capitan municipal of Magalang in 1895-1896 and municipal president of Angeles during revolution are Francisco and Andres. Andres later married Brigida Aguilar Aquino of Concepcion, Tarlac. Brigida is the sister of Major General Servillano Aquino, grandfather of late senator, Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino. The children of Andres and Brigida are, Adela married Francisco Pamintuan; Sor Josefa, Paz, Rosa married Miguel Nadres; Filomina, Teopisto, an architect married Guadalupe Fores; Joaquina married Manuel Conrado Lacson Narciso; Salvador, Maria married Quirino Pingul; Rubina, Cristina married Nicanor Enriquez and Lourdes married Quirino Pineda. 

The present known generations of Limcoliocs are: former mayors of Magalang, Daniel T. Lacson, Sr. (1968-1986) and his son, Daniel "Joey" Lacson, Jr. (1988-1998); incumbent vice mayor of Magalang, Norman L. Lacson; another son of Daniel Sr., Odilon Lacson married Maria Lourdes M. Paras, the incumbent and first woman mayor of Magalang, businessman and owner of Ala Creme Bistro Cakeshop, Eric Bangsil and Kapampangan language expert and advocate; Michael Raymon "Mike" Pangilinan all from the family of Arcadio. From the family of Antonia, including former vice mayor of Angeles, Alberto G. Pamintuan and his son, Atty. Edgardo D. Pamintuan, incumbent mayor of Angeles City. Mayor Edgardo Pamintuan's son, Edgardo "Edu" Pamintuan, Jr. is also the incumbent city councilor of Angeles City, and renowned musician, Conrado Titus del Rosario. 

Photo Credits:

Family of Cecilia Limcolioc Rivera provided by Gilbert Dennis Rivera de la Cruz

Dr. Rosita Rivera Ramirez provided by Gilbert Dennis Rivera de la Cruz

Rev. Msgr. Vicente Limcolioc Navarro courtesy of Luciano family

Lt. Leon Limcolioc Tayag courtesy of Mike Pangilinan

Note: There are two original identical pictures of Lt. Leon L. Tayag. One is the possession of Mike Pangilinan and another one of the pictorial collection of Angeles University Foundation Institute of Kapampangan Studies; donated by the late Dr. Evangelina Hilario Lacson


Baptisimal record of Francisco Ganzon dated December 5, 1869; Libro de Bautisimos 1862-1874 of Angeles church; familysearch.org; Retrieved: June 2, 2017. 

Bartolo, Louie Aldrin L. and Dizon, Lino L., The Magalang Book: The Historical Life and Culture of a Kapampangan Town (1605-2015), Manila: National Commission for Culture and the Arts, pages 97 and 117.

Family of Arcadio Cayco Limcolioc and Alejandra Dizon; mifamilias.tribalpages.com retrieved June 9, 2017. As courtesy of Gilbert Dennis Rivera de la Cruz, administrator of mifamilias.tribalpages.com

Marriage record of Don Arcadio Limcolioc and Alejandra Dizon dated October 12, 1869; Libro de Matrimonios 1835-1876 of Angeles church; familysearch.org; Retrieved: June 1, 2017.